What is Cocaine and Crack?
Cocaine is a strong central nervous system stimulant that interferes with the re-absorption process of dopamine, a chemical messenger associated with pleasure and movement. Cocaine is extracted from the leaves of the coca plant. Pure cocaine was first used as an anesthetic for surgeries in the 1880's. approximately 100 years after cocaine entered into use, a new variation of the substance emerged called crack which became enormously popular in the mid 1980's due in part to its almost immediate high and the fact that it is inexpensive to produce and buy.
What does Cocaine look like?
Cocaine most often appears as a white crystalline powder or an off white chunky material. Crack typically resembles rocks. Crack rocks are white or off white and vary in shape and size.
How is cocaine consumes?
Powder cocaine is usually snorted or dissolved in water and injected. Crack is nearly always smoked since it delivers large quantities of the drug to the lungs therefore producing an immediate and intense high.
What Does Cocaine Do To Me?
The effects of cocaine normally occur immediately after ingestion and can last from a few minutes to a few hours. Snorting cocaine produces a slow onset of effects that can last from 15 - 30 minutes. Users often feel euphoric, energetic, talkative, and mentally alert after taking small amounts of cocaine.
the faster the absorption, the more intense the high. a tolerance to the "high" may develop. Many addicts report that they seek but fail to achieve as much pleasure as they did from their first exposure.
What happens when cocaine is used with alcohol?
When mixed with alcohol, the human liver combines cocaine and alcohol and manufactures a third substance, cocaethylene, that intensifies cocaine's euphoric effects, while potentially increasing the risk of sudden death.
Cocaine use can lead to medical complications such as cardiovascular effects, respiratory failure and neurological effects. Cocaine use has been linked to heart disease and can accelerate a user's heart beat and breathing. Cocaine related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest or seizures followed by respiratory arrest. The physical effects of cocaine use include constricted blood vessels, dilated pupils, and increased temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. Other complications associated with cocaine use include disturbances in heart rhythm and heart attacks, chest pain, seizures and headaches. Because cocaine has a tendency to decrease appetite, many chronic users can become malnourished. Regularly snorting cocaine can lead to loss of sense of smell, nose bleeds, problems with swallowing, hoarseness, and a chronically runny nose.
Other Names For Cocaine:
Cocaine is often referred to as these names on the street: Coke, Snow, Blow, Nose Candy, Flake, Big C, White, Snowbirds, Lady.
Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse