WHAT IS GHB?
Gamma hydroxybutyrate, GHB, is a powerful rapidly acting central nervous system depressant. It was first synthesized in the 1920’s and was under development as an anesthetic agne in the 1960’s. GHB is produced naturally by the body in small amounts but its physiological function is unclear. GHB was sold in health food stores as a performance enhancing additive in bodybuilding formulas until the FDA banned it in 1990.
WHAT DOES GHB LOOK LIKE?
GHB is sold as a light colored powder
that easily dissolves in liquids or as a pure liquid packaged in vials or small bottles. In liquid form, it is clear, odorless, tasteless, and almost undetectable.
HOW IS GHBCONSUMED?
GHB is usually consumed orally.
WHAT DOES GHB DO TO ME?
GHB is abused for its ability to produce euphoric and hallucinogenic states and for its alleged function as a growth hormone that
releases agents to stimulate muscle growth.
The average dose of GHB is 1 to 5 grams and takes effect in 15-30 minutes, depending on the dosage and purity of the drug. Consumption of less than 1 gram of GHB acts as a relaxant causing a loss of muscle tone and reduced inhibitions. Consumption of 1 to 2 grams causes a strong feeling of relaxation and slows the hear rate and respiration. At this dosage level, GHB also interferes with blood circulation, motor coordination, and balance. In stronger doses, 2 to 4 grams, pronounced interference with motor speech control occurs.
A coma like sleep may be induced. When mixed with alcohol, the depressant effects of GHB are enhanced and this can lead to respiratory depression, unconsciousness, coma and overdose. GHB also produces withdrawal effects, including insomnia, anxiety and sweating in poisonings, date rapes and deaths.
WHAT IS DRUG FACILITATED RAPE?
Drug facilitated rape can be defined as sexual assault made easier by the offender’s use on an “anesthesia” type drug that can render the victim physically incapacitated or helpless and unable to give consent to sexual activity. GHB is known as a date rape drug because perpetrators slip it into a victims drink causing them to black out with normal inhibitions taken away leaving the victim helpless while blocking the memory of a rape or assault. Signs that you may have been drugged include feeling a lot more intoxicated than your usual response to the amount of alcohol you consumed, remembering taking a drink but being unable to recall what happened for a period of time, and feeling as though someone had sex with you but being unable to remember any or all of the incident.
Some of the side effects associated with GHB include nausea, vomiting, delusions, depression, vertigo, hallucinations, seizures, respiratory distress, loss of consciousness, slowed heart rate, lowered blood pressure amnesia and coma.
GHB is often referred to as these names on the street: Liquid Ecstasy, soap, easy lay, vita-G, Georgia home boy, scoop, and goop.
Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse